The Swedish Climate Policy Council

The Climate Policy Council is an independent scientific council with the task to assess if the overall policy of the Government is compatible with the climate goals.

Sweden shall have zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045

In June 2017, a broad majority in the Swedish parliament decided on a climate policy framework for Sweden. The framework consists of three parts: long-term goals, a planning and monitoring system, and a climate policy council. Parts of the framework are regulated by a Climate Act, which came into force January 1 2018.

Climate goals

The overarching climate target is to achieve zero net emissions of greenhouse gases by 2045 and hereafter negative emissions. Emissions from Swedish territory are to be at least 85 percent lower 2045 than they were 1990. Based on current populations forecasts for Sweden that corresponds to emissions of less than one tonne per capita. The remaining 15 percent may be covered by carbon sinks or emission reductions abroad.

For emissions not covered by the EU Emission Trading System, (EU ETS ) there are milestone targets:

  • By 2020 emissions are to be 40 percent lower than 1990
  • By 2030 emissions are to be 63 percent lower than 1990
  • By 2040 emissions are to be 75 percent lower than 1990

Similarly, to the 2045 target, parts of the 2030 and 2040 targets can be reached by carbon sinks or by mitigation outside of Swedish territory. At the most, 8 percent of the 2030 target and 2 percent of the 2040 target can be reached by such measures.

  • Emissions from domestic transports are to be reduced by at least 70 percent by 2030, compared to 2010 emission levels.

Swedish Climate Policy Council

The terms of reference of the Swedish Climate Policy Council include:

  • Evaluating if the present policy in different policy areas contributes or counteracts the climate goals
  • Reviewing the effects of both existing and planned policies from a broad societal perspective
  • Identify policy areas where additional measures need to be taken if the climate goals are to be achieved

Besides evaluating government policy, we are also tasked with evaluating the analytical methods and models which is the basis for the policy, as well as contributing to the debate regarding climate policy.

The council members

Yearly reports

2019: Swedish Climate Policy Council Report 2019 (in Swedish, summary in English)

2018: Sweden’s Climate Policy Framework (in Swedish, summary in English)


Swedish Climate Policy Council
Box 1206, SE-111 82 Stockholm
Drottninggatan 89

Telephone: +46 (0)8 775 41 70
Organizational number: 202100-6719

Rapport 2019

Den 21 mars 2019 överlämnade Klimatpolitiska rådet sin rapport för 2019 till regeringen. Rapporten har särskilt fokus på transportsektorn. Mer information och sammanfattning